Troia ruins 30 km. to the south, approximately 4.5 km from the coast. The ancient city was declared as a National Park in 1996 and in 1998 it was included in UNESCO’s World Heritage List.
Troia, MS from 3,000 BC. It is a city with up to 500 settlements. 10 different city layers and more than 50 building phases were identified during the excavations. In a nutshell:
The importance of Troia is that Homer was the scene of the Trojan War that he described in the Iliad Epic. The Epic of Iliad includes a small part of the myth of the Trojan War. Ruins among the ruins; walls, a temple, an entrance section and a megaron style building consisting of the main room at the rear, pipes belonging to the sewerage system and public buildings such as odeon.
The first systematic excavation of the prehistoric period in Anatolia began in Troia. The excavations were carried out by Schliemann in 1870 for the first time in 1893-94. The excavations were carried out by Dörpfeld. New excavations started in 1988 by M. Osman Korfmann and continued until 2005. Today, excavations from Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University. Dr. It is continued by Rüstem Aslan.
The homeland of the famous poet Homer Iliad and Odysseia in Izmir, the homeland of Troas and Troia, which has a history of thousands of years, is near the village of Tevfikiye in Çanakkale. This is now known as Hisarlık.